The Land of Israel

Land of economical, political, geographical and religious Importance

Israel is a new country of political, geographical and religious importance. It is situated in the Middle East from red sea in the south and along the cost of Mediterranean Sea in the north with a population of about 7.2 million. It borders Lebanon in the north, Syria in the northeast, Jordan in the east, and Egypt on the southwest, and contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Also adjacent are the West bank to the east and Gaza Strip to the southwest. Israel is the world’s only Jewish State. It is also home to other ethnic groups, including most numerously Arab citizens of Israel, as well as many religious groups including Muslims, Christians, Druze, Samaritans and otheres.

In 1947, the United nations approved the partition of Palestine into two states, one Jewish and one Arab. On May 14, 1948 the state of Israel declared independence and this was followed by a war with the surrounding Arab states, which refused to accept the plan. The Israelis were subsequently victorious in a series of wars confirming their independence and expanding the borders of the Jewish state beyond those in the UN Partition Plan. Since then, Israel has been in conflict with many of the neighboring Arab countries, resulting in several major wars and decades of violence that continue to this day. Since its foundation, Israel’s boundaries and the State’s right to exist have been subject to dispute, especially among its Arab neighbors and their many Palestinian refugees. Israel has signed peace treaties with Egypt and Jordan, though efforts for a long-lasting peace with the Palestinians have so far been unsuccessful.


Much of the history of the region since that time has been one of conflict between Israel on one side and Palestinians, represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization, and Israel`s Arab neighbors, on the other. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians were displaced, and several wars were fought involving Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon.

Jerusalem is the capital of Israel. However, many countries do not accept Jerusalem as a capital of Israel. So their diplomatic offices are in Tel Aviv, another big, business capital. Jerusalem the major conflict area is a holy place for all the three major religions Muslim, Christian and Jewish.

The climate and geography is also unique in Israel. Middle to south region is desert and towards the north is mild climate with snow falling mountains near the borders of Syria. Rainfall is only during the winter and is very rare. It is very sunny area very appropriate place for harvesting the maximum yield of different crops.